miercuri, 30 octombrie 2013

Dovleci "ornamentali". Pumpkins. Cucurbita or Squash & Halloween

Despre Dovleci ornamentali
  Pumpkins.
Cucurbita or Squash


Ştiaţi că*:
(sursa info: fragmente citate din Wikipedia)
Dovleacul "sau bostanul sau cucurbăta (Cucurbita maxima) este o plantă erbacee anuală cultivată pentru fructul, florile și semințele sale. (Este originară din America de sud,şi a fost introdusă într-o epocă timpurie în Europa - sfârșitul sec. XVI).
Cucurbita maxima este o plantă anuală cu tulpină flexibilă și agățătoare. Are frunze cordiforme (în formă de inimă), pentalobulate, de mărime mare și cu nervuri bine marcate; prezintă o abundentă pilozitate pe frunze și tulpină. Florile sunt galbene și cărnoase. Fructul prezintă o mare variație (polimorfism): poate fi ovoidal sau sferic, de culoare verde sau portocaliu intens. Pulpa fructului este galbenă-portocalie, densă și cu gust dulce.
Dovleacul conține în interior numeroase semințe ovale, convexe și netede, de 2-3 cm lungime, care la rândul lor conține un miez alb și comestibil. Mărimea dovleacului variază între 25-40 cm diametru, deși există și cazuri excepționale. Există varietăți de vară având fructul de culoare deschisă și semințe mai moi (varietate care se conservă puțin timp) și varietăți de iarnă care sunt mai seci și mai dulci, folosite în produsele de cofetărie (durata de conservare este mai lungă)."

"Cucurbita maxima este o plantă anuală cu tulpină flexibilă și agățătoare. Fructul prezintă o mare variație (polimorfism): poate fi ovoidal sau sferic, de culoare verde sau portocaliu intens. Pulpa fructului este galbenă-portocalie, densă și cu gust dulce. Dovleacul conține în interior numeroase semințe ovale, convexe și netede, de 2-3 cm lungime, care la rândul lor conține un miez alb și comestibil. Mărimea dovleacului variază între 25-40 cm diametru, deși există și cazuri excepționale. Există varietăți de vară având fructul de culoare deschisă și semințe mai moi (varietate care se conservă puțin timp) și varietăți de iarnă care sunt mai seci și mai dulci, folosite în produsele de cofetărie (durata de conservare este mai lungă)."

Did you know*:
*(source: excerpts from Wikipedia; for more info click on the links below)
"Pumpkin refers to certain cultivars of squash, most commonly those of Cucurbita pepo, that are round, with smooth, slightly ribbed skin and deep yellow to orange coloration. The thick shell contains the seeds and pulp. Some exceptionally large cultivars of squash with similar appearance have also been derived from Cucurbita maxima. Specific cultivars of winter squash derived from other species, including C. argyrosperma, and C. moschata, are also sometimes called "pumpkin". In New Zealand and Australian English, the term "pumpkin" generally refers to the broader category called winter squash elsewhere.
Pumpkins, like other squash, are native to North America. Pumpkins are widely grown for commercial use, and are used both in food and recreation. Pumpkin pie, for instance, is a traditional part of Thanksgiving meals in the United States, although commercially canned pumpkin puree and pumpkin pie fillings are usually made from different kinds of winter squash than the pumpkins frequently carved as jack o'lanterns for decoration around Halloween."

Cucurbita (Latin for gourd) is a genus in the gourd family Cucurbitaceae native to and originally cultivated in the Andes and Mesoamerica. They were brought to Europe after the discovery of America and are now used in many parts of the world. The plants (referred to as squash or pumpkin, depending on variety and local parlance), are grown for their edible fruits and seeds. There are five domesticated species: Cucurbita argyrosperma, C. ficifolia, C. maxima, C. moschata, and C. pepo. C. pepo includes varieties of both winter squash and summer squash, and C. moschata may be used as winter squash because the full-grown fruits can be stored for months."

 "Summer squash are a subset of squashes that are harvested when immature, while the rind is still tender and edible."
"Winter squash is a summer-growing annual fruit, representing several squash species within the genus Cucurbita. It differs from summer squash in that it is harvested and eaten in the mature fruit stage, when the seeds within have matured fully and the skin has hardened into a tough rind. At this stage, most varieties of this fruit can be stored for use during the winter. It is generally cooked before eating."

Cucurbita pepo "Due to their varied genetic background, members of C. pepo vary widely in appearance, primarily in regards to their fruits. The plants are typically 1-2.5 feet high, 2-3 feet wide, and have yellow flowers.Within C. pepo, the pumpkins, scallops, and possibly crooknecks are ancient and were domesticated separately. The domesticated species have larger fruits and larger yet fewer seeds."
"C. pepo – field pumpkin, summer squash, zucchini, vegetable marrow, courgette, acorn squash; origin-Mexico, USA"
Ex. Soiuri/Varieties

 Yellow crookneck squash Crookneck ex: - C. pepo var. torticollia (also torticollis)
summer squash, shrubby plant, with yellow, golden, or white fruit which is long and curved at the end and generally has a verrucose (wart-covered) rind.
  Pumpkin; includes C. pepo subsp. pepo var. styriaca, used for Styrian pumpkin seed oil.
(C. pepo var. pepo) winter squash, creeping plant, round, oblate, or oval shape and round or flat on the ends.
       Yellow crookneck squash on the top of a pumpkin and along with other types of squash.

Other types of squash. Diverse soiuri de dovleci ornamentali





"Scallop - C. pepo var. clypeata; called C. melopepo by Linnaeus - summer squash, prefers half-shrubby habitat, flattened or slightly discoidal shape, with undulations or equatorial edges." Pattypan Squash .

Ornamental gourds - "C. pepo var. ovifera" - "field pumpkins closely related to C. texana, vine habitat, thin stems, small leaves, three sub-groups: C. pepo var. ovifera (egg-shaped, pear-shaped), C. pepo var. aurantia (orange color), and C. pepo var. verrucosa (round warty gourds), ornamental gourds found in Texas and called var. texana and ornamental gourds found outside of Texas (Illinois, Missouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Louisiana) are called var. ozarkana" .


Did You know:
"Halloween in Romania is celebrated around the myth of "Dracula" on 31 October. The spirit of Dracula is believed to live there because the town was the site of many witch trials; these are recreated today by actors on the night of Halloween. The most successful Halloween Party in Transylvania is taken place in Sighisoara, the citadel where Vlad the Impaler (aka Dracula) was born. The prestigious Fodor's travel guide placed Halloween in Transylvania in a list of Top Ten Must-Do-Adventures."
(excerpt from Wikipedia about Halloween)
Some photo instants just for fun....
Autumnal decorations/ Decoraţiuni autumnale







Arhiva photo privată/ Private photo archive
Click on the photo for an enlarged format/ Click pentru un format mărit.
&
Have a nice autumn! Să aveţi o toamnă plăcută!

Update news:
About Halloween / Despre Halloween (Source/credit: internet)
                                                            Source picture/article:
National Geografic: "Halloween 2013: Top Costumes, History, Myths, More" 

Excerpt: "This year traditional costumes will rule the day. More than five million U.S. adults plan to masquerade as a Halloween witch.
"It's the kind of basic costumes you'd tend to think of—the witch for adults, the princess for kids," said Pam Goodfellow, who helped to conduct the NRF survey."


sursa Video Internet You tube: 
n.b. For more information about this holliday: please click on the links below or do not hesitate to read other available info sources.
 excerpt: "On October 31st, 2013 there is a worldwide Happy Halloween! Google Doodle. It is animated and interactive like last year ─ but this time with witchcraft."

Niciun comentariu:

Trimiteți un comentariu

Thanks for coming by my blog and for your fantastic thoughts and comments!! I appreciate your precious invested time in the reading of my posts and I'll visit you, as soon as I can, in the next available period of time. Have a positive and awesome day! Be joyful, amazing and never give up to smile! Stunning things are all over! All the best!

Warning:
Please, to consider, and do not intend to leave anonymous messages that anyway can be/will be considered spam. All the unsolicited messages (in commercial purpose or otherwise) will be deleted if their purpose is to be potentially harmful to this blog. Also, not allowed for commercial advertisement to let any unsolicited links!!

(NB/ So all the anonymous messages will be considered as *spam* by the system.)

LinkWithin

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...